Date: 16 Sep, 2022
The interest of the country’s farmers is getting attracted towards farming using new experiments, in which they produce different types of crops. Farmers are now showing more interest in cultivating new varieties of vegetables and crops. In this, the cultivation towards which the farmers have been most inclined is the crop of wheat and black paddy. Because it gives better income to the farmers. At present, wide varieties of wheat are present in India. Some species are more productive, and some are disease resistant. But their seeds are similar in appearance, but the grain of black wheat is black. The trend is also increasing more for black wheat than regular wheat among the farmer brothers.
Due to this, there is more demand for black wheat in the markets. Apart from this, the export of black wheat has also increased significantly. Due to this, the farmers’ attention is more on black grain. In the state of Uttar Pradesh, many farmers are earning huge incomes by growing black wheat crops. Agriculture officials believe that black wheat is beneficial for a person with diabetes. If you are also planning to cultivate black wheat, then in this article, you are given information about how to grow black wheat and the methods and advantages of black wheat farming.
In this Article
Many types of medicinal properties are found in black wheat, and it is rich in anthocyanin. In addition, it has natural antioxidant and antibiotic properties, which prove to be effective in problems like diabetes, knee pain, heart attack, cancer, anaemia and mental stress. Black wheat has a slightly different taste but is also quite nutritious.
Also Read: Benefits of Watercress for Human Health
If you use a seed drill method for sowing black wheat, you can save seed and fertilizer. Black wheat is also produced like regular wheat. Sowing is done by buying its seeds from the market. Generally, 100 KG seed per hectare field and 125 KG seed are costly in the form of coarse grain for sowing in rows. Similarly, if the seeds are sown by spraying, then 125 kg of regular grains and 150 kg of coarse grains are applied per hectare in the field. Before planting the seed, definitely check the deposition percentage.
This facility is absolutely free of cost at state research centres. If the germination rate of the seeds is found to be low, then increase the seed rate, and if there is no certified seed, the seeds must be purified. For this, before sowing the seeds, treat the seeds with PSV, Azetuvector. Use raised weed method for sowing in areas with limited irrigation, and it gives 75 kg and 100 kg coarse grain per hectare in average conditions.
Before growing the black wheat crop, put the quantity of zinc and urea in the field and give DAP manure with the help of a drill. At the time of sowing wheat seeds, give 20 KG Muriate Potash, 45 KG Urea, 50 KG DAP and 10 KG Zinc Sulphate per acre, and give 60 KG Urea during first irrigation.
The first irrigation of black wheat is done three weeks after sowing the seeds. Even after this, water the plants from time to time. Irrigation must be done before maturing of plants and during grain ripening.
Often many types of weeds come out in the field with the crop. If these weeds are not controlled on time, then a 10 to 40 % reduction in crop yield can be seen. The outbreak of weeds like broad leaves and grass is more visible in the wheat crop. To control weeds such as buckthorn, black nectar, bathua, wild carrot, Sanji, and chatri-matri, dosing of 0.625 gm of 2,4-D salt 80% (Tophysad, Farnexan) or 2,4-D ethyl ester 36% (Weeden, Bladex C) in 700 to 800 liters of water and prepare the mixture. After this, 25 to 30 days after sowing, spraying is done in the field per hectare. Wheat and wild oats are more prevalent in narrow-leafed weeds. If more such outbreaks are seen, then instead of the wheat crop, sow Rijka or Berseem crop.
When the grains in its plants become hard after ripening, and only 20-25% moisture content remains in the grains, the crop should be harvested with the help of a powerful harvester. So now, if we talk about the production of black wheat, then 10 to 12 quintals of grain can be produced from a one-acre farm.
The market price of black wheat is getting better than regular wheat. The cost of black wheat in the market ranges from Rs.4,000 to Rs.6,000 per quintal, which is twice as much as standard wheat. This year the government has fixed the minimum support price of wheat at Rs 1,975 per quintal. According to which farmer brothers can earn three times from the crop of black wheat.
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